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GP: Research into improving road traffic safety by means of transport engineering and organizational measures - Czech PDF Print E-mail

Description:

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The project is targeted at decreasing the road traffic accident rate and reducing accident consequences. This goal should be reached by optimizing the particular road design features and optimizing spatial arrangement of roads. This includes amending selected technical regulations with respect to new legal regulation concerning road traffic. The project should also introduce some foreign experience and practices into the situation in the Czech Republic and it should improve road traffic safety in towns and cities by using up-to-date designing methods.The project deals with the problems concerning road traffic safety from a continual and comprehensive perspective.

The project will involve researches of the present day status of the regulations and research reports concerning transport area arrangement in selected European countries. A set of expert opinions will be analysed. The analyses will be carried out especially from the perspective of road arrangement, road equipment; the analyses should respect the context of other transport engineering and organizational measures. An independent stage of the project will be devoted to analysing the influence of traffic accident circumstances in relation to kind of injury and demands upon medical care. It will work out an analysis of the influence of selected constructional measures (approximately two hundred measures realized in the Czech Republic) and their real design parameters on road traffic safety. The project will concentrate especially on the following: constructional measures to reduce speed, pedestrian and cyclist crossings, level crossings and public passenger transport stops. The results of these analyses will be summed up in the particular outputs and the generalizing recommendations concerning norm updating and technical conditions on spatial arrangement of roads.

Expected benefits:

Optimizing the design features of the particular constructional measures and their broad application may result in considerable reduction of consequences of road traffic accidents. If the new solutions are applied properly, serious consequences of accidents can be reduced by 10-20%, which represents an annual cut of CZK 4-8 milliard). An appropriately designed transport engineering solution usually improves the effects upon the environment.

Planned Course and Objectives:

* Design features of roads (legislation researches, researches of survey reports of selected European countries)
* Judicious expert analysis of the factors leading to road accidents
* Frequency of typical kinds of injury in cases of particular road users
* Detected influence of the design features of the measures realized in order to improve road traffic safety upon the accident rate and traffic smoothness
* Optimizing design parameters of the constructional measures to slow down traffic
* Principles of safe formation of roads
* Management of road traffic safety in towns and cities

Contractor:

The Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Czech Republic

Duration of the Project:

03/2001 - 12/2005

Project manager:

Jaroslav Heinrich, S 18 - Transport Planning Section
Co-Researchers: Zdenìk Hrubý, Eva Simonová, Pavel Skládaný

Publications and references:

* www.cdv.cz
* Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Transportation Science, Traumatology Hospital in Brno, ADN Konzult

Contact details:

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