GP: EST goes EAST - National Transport Policy 2003-2015 - Hungary PDF Print E-mail

Rising living standards trigger greater mobility and increase demand for the shipment of goods. Transport is a fundamental condition for economic growth, and a token of freedom and a better life for people. At the same time, transport damages the environment and presents risks to life and health. Transport policy is meant to resolve this contradiction and balance the two sides by finding ways to satisfy demands for increased mobility while minimizing damage. In other words, it is the tool of sustainable mobility.

Social and economic changes, recent experiences, and the European Union’s transport policy, issued in 2001 for the period ending in 2010, make it necessary to overhaul Hungary’s transport policy that has been in effect since 1996.

In these early days of the 21st century, the standards of Hungary’s transport system–like the general level of the country’s economic development–fall short of the European average. Hungary’s success in the market economy over the past decade has highlighted the fact that freeways, a high-performance railroad, sophisticated air transport, and inexpensive freight shipping of agricultural products on inland waterways constitute essential criteria for industrial and commercial enterprise in making investment decisions and choosing locations for facilities. In this way, transport has become a key factor of Hungary’s economic growth and ability to compete in international markets.

On average, Hungarian households spend nearly one fifth of their total income on transportation and related expenses. Transport, while enabling the free movement of people and goods, exerts a stressful influence on the environment by means of accidents, energy consumption, air pollution, and noise, and its sheer demand for space. The Hungarian transport development of the future will bring more awareness to improving living standards and implementing a sustainable growth pattern in harmony with the environment.

Obviously, the construction of the freeway system, the modernization of the railroad to meet 21th-century requirements, the revitalization of Hungarian navigation traditions on the Danube- Rhine-Main waterway, the acquisition of solid positions in the dynamic air transport market, and the integrated development of urban and metropolitan transport networks outstrip the powers of the Ministry of Transport alone. These goals of transport policy will take nothing less than a well-orchestrated collaboration between the national and local governments, domestic and foreign investors, private capital, and private enterprise.


The complete text of the policy is available here!

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