|GP: Access restrictions in Rome - Italy|
The MIRACLES access restriction policy is carried out on different levels: the Laboratory Area, which is only allowed to catalysed vehicles, and the city centre LTZs, which have been implemented and new zones have been established (Trastevere and San Lorenzo). Furthermore the Tridente zone has been transformed into a clean pedestrian area.
Objectives/ Innovative aspects
To restrict access to the Laboratory Area by high polluting vehicles, and set up clean zones in this area, integrating experimental mobility policies and new technologies.
In Rome, the capital city of Italy, political administration and public services are the main industries, which include activities related to transport and tourism. These activities are particularly concentrated in the central area, especially in the historical centre.
The MIRACLES access restriction policy is carried out on 6 levels:
In Trastevere it was envisaged that access restriction can be enhanced through integration of the ACS with bollards. This was trialled in Trastevere during summer 2004, with traffic restrictions being operational four days a week, from Wednesdays to Saturdays (21 pm–3 am). Plans have been drafted for extension to the Winter period (November-April), when the traffic restrictions will be operational only on Fridays and Saturdays. The support of the electric bus line “Nottambula” is operating with the lines n. 121 and 122.
The evening congestion and the pressure of non-systematic travel towards the city central areas for leisure is a constant phenomena in the whole city centre of Rome. In 2005, the Municipality decided to adopt the ACS+RP diurnal scheme in a narrow area for the hours 23,00 to 03,00 from Friday to Saturday. The new “Night Central LTZ” is a reduced version of the Central daytime LTZ, as showed in the figure above right.
It is planned to implement an ACS+Road Pricing scheme in the central LTZ; the ACS scheme, in fact, showed a good potential for exploitation.
Results and updates
* Rome Central LTZ results:
Current access permits amount to some 250.000 plates (i.e. about 12% of the total vehicles registered in Rome) belonging to specific categories ruled a Municipal Act, while enforcement is operated daily from 06.30 to18.00 (except Sundays). At the moment limitation is not involving two-wheels vehicles.
* Night Central LTZ results:
The results showed a 60% reduction in vehicle passage (from 10.000 to 4.000), with a slight increase in 2 wheelers, not limited by the policy. Due to the positive results of this measure, the new LTZ has from October 6th, 2005 been a structural measure for all weekend nights in Rome.
* Trastevere ACS update:
The experiment was considered successful, the Municipality extended the ACS scheme also to morning hours, from 6,30 to 10,00 and it gave “green flag” to the implementation of electronic gates”.
* San Lorenzo update
Like in Trastevere, a successful test was carried out in 2004. After that, the decision to implement the E-ACS was taken to support the already operational closure of the District at week-end nights, presently carried out by Urban Police. In S. Lorenzo district the installation of electronic gates is to be completed in 2006. The LTZ is operating with a summer timetable and a winter one: from 1 April to 31 October (excluding August) cars will not be allowed in from Wednesday to Saturday (20.00-03.00), while from 1 November to 30 March restrictions will operate on Fridays and Saturdays (20.00-03.00). Parking areas are in the nearby Largo Passamonti, Piazzale del Verano and Piazzale Aldo Moro. The shuttle service between the parking areas and the centre of San Lorenzo is operated with electric Bus “Nottambula, line 141.
The above project is part of the CIVITAS - MIRACLES initiative.