GP: Access management for the city centre in Venice - Italy PDF Print E-mail

This measure focuses on establishing a differentiated tariff scheme in the limited access area, aimed at stimulating the responsible use of tourist launches. It also focuses on the use of differentiated access tariffs for tourist coaches in order to give incentives to tourist coaches with class Euro IV standard exhaust emissions.


Objectives / Innovative Aspects

To encourage the use of cleaner tourist coaches in Venice through the implementation of differentiated access tariffs for the use of tourist coaches with class Euro IV standard exhaust emissions.
To improve the current road pricing system for the limited access zone in the lagoon through the implementation of a differentiated tariff scheme which aims at stimulating the responsible use of tourist launches and the adoption of low impact marine motors.


The Measures

For Euro IV buses:

Research and technical development
Study aimed at identifying the new rates for the access pass for tour coaches in Venice, and the definition of the economic benefits for Euro IV buses
Activation at the ZTL bus check-in points of a new control procedure of the tour coaches motors and the certification of the economic benefits for the vehicles in the Euro IV class.
Creation and Implementation of a European communication campaign targeting “tourist operators and international travel agencies” for raising the awareness and promotion of the use of tour coaches with the Euro IV standard motors, using the evocative image of Venice as a symbol and the bus drivers as its promoters;
Design and implementation of a communication campaign intended for tourists which come to Venice with Euro IV coaches (more or less 500.000 tourists monthly) to whom an informative brochure will be given regarding the benefits that they have obtained and thanking them for having chosen companies who have internalised the concept of sustainable development.
Organisation of dissemination and awareness raising events using finances raised by the ZTL bus scheme in the elementary schools and other venues in the city in order to make the objectives and achievements of CIVITAS known.
Evaluation of the scheme’s impact.

Training of check in personnel in recognition of energy efficiency of tour buses.

For tourist launches:

Research and technical development
• State of the art on the availability of marine motors with low environmental impacts to understand what are the most modern and with the lowest emissions. This is before the study for the optimal tariff in order to show that the motors can be amortised.
• Mathematical model of the movements inside the limited access zone for landing by tourist transport in order to identify the behaviours which are to be discouraged (e.g., frequent trips with boat only half full).
• Cost benefit analysis of marine engines to identify those to be recommended by the City Administration passenger transport.
• Study of an optimal tariff system and agreement on rates elaborated together with representatives of passenger transport union. It will be designed to reward and give incentives for the substitution and use of marine engines that are less polluting, above all in relation to the type of fuels used.
Demonstration activities
• Establishment of a new control system and identification of tourist launches.
• Selection, through a tendering process of the best available technology for launch
identification, adapting the systems available for cars already in use in different cities. The system will foresee an electronic system which does not require any direct intervention by the crew nor the installation of equipment on board.
• Authorisation process and installation of the system at all docks that are part of the limited access systems.

Implementation status

The management of the docks has passed from ASM Spa to Porto di Venezia Servizi: meetings have taken place with the aim of including Porto di Venezia Servizi in the Project.
The following studies has been completed in Italian and in English:
· “State of the art of the availability of marine motors with low environmental impact in order to determine the most modern motors and those with the lowest emissions”
· “Mathematical model of the movements inside the limited access zone for landing by tourist transport in order to identify the behaviours that must be discouraged”
· “Cost benefit analysis on use of marine motors using alternative fuels or alternative technologies” .

The proposal highlighting critical aspects that should form the basis of the future tariff study was presented informally to the prior city council which was in place before the elections at the beginning of April.
The working group (Gruppo di lavoro ZTL-GAT) for the coordination and improvement of the tourist pass systems in Venice was set up.
The local stakeholders database has been set up.
The study identifying the new LTZ coach tariffs has been completed.
The communication campaign “Schools meet in Venice” was carried out in Venice to raise the awareness of young people to environmental issues and sustainable mobility.
To support the approval of the LTZ tariff system VESTA is planning a new information campaign aimed at all citizens in order to raise awareness on the environmental issues.

(Expected) results

Reduction in the annual number of launch trips for tourist transport inside the limited access zone.
Substitution of 10% of launch engines with less polluting engines by 2008
An increase in the proportion of tourist coaches with class Euro IV exhaust emission standards accessing Venice.
At the moment 18,2% meets the standard Euro IV and by the end of 2006. The percentage will increase more rapidly than without this action and should reach approximately 50% of coaches. This will contribute to a reduction in local as well as global emission levels as the coaches generally travel across Europe to reach Venice.


Cecchetto Silvia
a c q u i s t i @ a s m . i t


The above project is part of the CIVITAS - MOBILIS initiative

CIVITAS MOBILIS partners cities of Toulouse (France), Debrecen (Hungary), Ljubljana (Slovenia), Venice (Italy) and Odense (Denmark), and their local mobility stakeholders – strive to create a culture for clean urban mobility in the framework of sustainable development, ensuring involvement of all relevant stakeholders and participation of citizens.

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