|GP: Policy option for freight distribution schemes in Craiova - Romania|
“Leave the city to breathe and we, together with it” - Goods distribution in urban areas is essential for cities to function correctly. However, road vehicles are mostly used to deliver goods, resulting in high-intensity traffic flows, increases in pollution levels, and health and environmental problems
"Craiova is one of most beautiful cities, is the city of our hearts! Here we remember that we survived at all it was worse in time, we are happy here; here we complain and here we plan together the future." (Antonie SOLOMON, Mayor of Craiova)
Objectives / Innovative Aspects
In order to solve its increasing traffic problems, partly due to goods transport in urban areas, Craiova aims to create a pollution free centre area and to develop a plan for goods distribution.
The measure will introduce an incentive system for using non-polluting cars for freight distribution in the city centre, which will be labelled as a pollution free area. This incentive system will allow free access in the area for electric cars and an entrance fee for the internal combustion cars, based on the following criteria:
The entrance free will be established by the municipal council.
Before CIVITAS MODERN began, the city of Craiova did not have an appropriate plan for goods distribution at urban level. Each industrial and commercial company had its own system for goods distribution, which did not take pollution levels in urban areas into account . The regulation only established that goods distribution could take place two hours in the morning and two hours in the night as to not interfere with commercial activity.
The development of the local economy, the decrease of unemployment rates, more stable jobs and the increased level of salaries and disposable incomes resulted in an increased need for goods. Traffic became more congested, streets less safe and more polluted.
The implementation of this measure, by creating a free pollution and establishing stricter rules for goods distribution, will transform the city centre into a more sustainable walking and shopping area.
The implementation of the measure includes research, dissemination, training, demonstration and evaluation activities.