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GP: Biofuels - Use of bio-methane in Iasi - Romania PDF Print E-mail

Iasi has adopted an energy management approach to urban waste. As part of this approach a demonstration for recovering methane emissions from municipal landfill sites banks will be done

The City of Iasi is located in north-eastern Romania and is the second largest Romanian city, after Bucharest, with a population of 366,000 inhabitants. It is also the center of a metropolitan area, which occupies a surface of 787.87 square kilometers, encompassing a total population of 398,000 inhabitants.

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Objectives / Innovative Aspects

Iasi has adopted an energy management approach to urban waste. The idea to recover energy from waste is in line with energy objectives of CIVITAS, in particular in the planned application for buses as a substitute for diesel as it can also contribute to solve PM emission problems. Increased knowledge and awareness of air quality problems can be important to affect modal choice.

The aim of this measure is to go well beyond the EU RTFO requirements using first generation bio-fuels, and lay the foundations for take-up of second generation bio-fuels and EEV vehicles.
Iasi wishes to prove that the usage of alternative fuels can contribute to citizens' quality of life by reducing pollution levels in areas of dense traffic. The introduction of alternative fuels in the public transport can demonstrate that a cleaner public transport is in direct connection with the improved health of citizens.

By installing a recovery unit and liquefying equipment for methane emissions from the landfill, Iasi proves the usage of every fuel resource and demonstrates that the environment projects can be seen as a single and innovative package.

The Measure

The bio-methane will be used as an alternative fuel source for buses. Impacts on emission levels will be assessed.

The measure covers 4 tasks:

  • Study of Emissions Levels.The Technical University of Iasi TUI will conduct a research study in Iasi to determine emission levels at four strategic locations within the CIVITAS corridor. Iasi and PTI will provide traffic data for the study. TUI will derive impacts of bio-methane use in public transport on air quality from the study. Archimedes contributes to the costs of the study.
  • Bio-methane Energy Supply. Iasi will install one unit of recovery and liquefying equipment for methane emissions from the landfill.
  • Bio-methane-fuelled Public Transport. Iasi will invest in modification of 30 vehicles in the PTI bus fleet to operate them on bio-methane.
  • Promotion of Bio-Fuels. Iasi will launch a promotion campaign to demonstrate the impact of alternative fuels.

Implimentation Status

Iasi will invest in modification of 30 vehicles in the PTI bus fleet to operate them on LPG. The implementation of this task started according to the schedule and in May 2009 the first bus was modified and was presented in the consortium meeting held on May in Iasi. From that month until now, 3 other buses were transformed, the rest of them will be finished until February 2012.

Iasi implemented on September 2009 an “LPG Supply System for vehicles” with two containers. This system is used to fill the transformed buses from the task 1.8.

TUI will contribute with assistance on technical requirements and PTI will monitor operational and fuel consumption impacts.
After making the buses available to the public, TUI will conduct a research study in Iasi to determine emission levels at four strategic locations within the CIVITAS corridor. Iasi and PTI will provide traffic data for the study. Also, PTI started a research study regarding the emission levels of the LPG buses. The data, collected from a diesel bus will be compared with the data collected from an LPG bus so it can be demonstrated the benefits of a bus that use alternative fuel. TUI will derive impacts of LPG use in public transport on air quality from these studies. Archimedes contributes to the costs of the study.

The promotion campaign of LPG to be launched in 2010 will be based on inputs from tasks as well as experiences from ARCHIMEDES partner cities and a ‘in town without my car’ event in the city demonstration zone.

In 2011 Iasi will install one unit of recovery and liquefying equipment for methane emissions from the landfill.

(Expected) Results

This measure is expected to go well beyond the EU RTFO requirements using first generation bio-fuels, and lay the foundations for take-up of second generation bio-fuels and EEV vehicles.

The measure in Iasi is expected to:

  • decrease the level of pollutant emissions in the CIVITAS corridor
  • reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  • demonstrate the impact of alternative fuels
  • increase knowledge and awareness on air quality.

CIVITAS_SMILE

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