|GP: Yerevan Sustainable Urban Transport - Armenia - Regional|
The report was written by Martiros Tsarukyan, Senior Expert, Ministry of Nature Protecion of the Republic of Armenia, supported by Ian Skinner, Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) and Rie Tsutsumi, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for Europe, and financially supported by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management.
The objective of this study is to determine the problems of sustainable urban transport in the city of Yerevan and to draw the attention of competent authorities to the need of solution of these problems. The results of the study will be presented during the seminar on “Sustainable Urban Transport and Land Use Planning” which will be held from October 18-20, in Tbilisi. The problems determined in the process of the study can be taken into account during development of strategies and action plans.
The problem of sustainable urban transport is one of the most complex environmental, health and transport issues in the world and it is relevant for all the big cities. Yerevan is not an exception. On the one hand the importance of the problem is due to the over norm air pollution and on the other hand it is conditioned by the great share of the motor vehicles in that pollution.
Brief description of city
In 2005 , the population of the city of Yerevan was 1.1 million people, the territory was 227 km2 and the population density was 4859 people per km2. Yerevan occupies 0.76% of the territory of the Republic, but 34% of the population. In 2004, the net migration was away from Yerevan, as 2,100 people left the city, compared to 7,700 who left the country, as a whole – a decrease of 25% compared to 2000. The average income of the population in 2004 was 417,978 AMD (Armenian drams), which is approximately double that of 2000.