GP: SNOWBALL - Demonstration, take up & dissemination of Sustainable integrated planning methods in European Cities - Regional PDF Print E-mail
Contract number: EIE-05-109

Start of project: 1 January 2006
Duration: 36 months

Coordinator: Marc Stemerding
Goudappel Coffeng BV
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Tel: +31 (0) 570 666 818

Partners: International Solar Energy Society / German Section DGS e.V., DGS, Germany
Innovationsstiftung Schleswig-Holstein, ISH, Germany
Dr. Valentin EnergieSoftware GmbH, Valentin
Bundesverband der Campingwirtschaft in Deutschland e.V., BVCD
Mid Wales Energy Agency Limited, MWEA, United Kingdom
EC BREC Instytut Energetyki Odnawialnej Sp. z o.o., EC BREC IEO, Poland
O.Ö. Energiesparverband, ESV, Austria
Agencija za prestrukturiranje energetike d.o.o., ApE, Slovenia
International Tourism Institute, ITI, Slovenia
Agencia Regional de Energia do Centro e Baixo Alentejo, ARECBA, Portugal
AGIRE – Agenzia Veneziana per l´Energia, AGIRE, Italy
Multiss S.p.A. – Punto Energia Provincia di Sassari, PEPS, Italy
ESCO Sardegna srl, ESCOS, Italy
Agenzia Provinciale Energia e Ambiente, APEA, Italy

Project summary

SNOWBALL is presented by a group of cities and experts on urban planning. Recent experiences based on demonstration and research (Ecocity) has showed that integrated urban planning will lead to plans of better quality, in terms of energy savings and the environment. SNOWBALL introduces two types of integrated urban planning methods: Local Transport Performance, an area-based approach that reduces energy intensive transport demand, and Drive Slow Go Faster, a corridor based method that improves energy efficiency of traffic by establishing constant reduced speeds. In SNOWBALL, 6 cities (Verona, San Sebastian-Donostia, San Fernando, Zvolen, Martin and Ludwigsburg) will implement plans following these concepts. The cities are supported by 3 cities (Hilversum, Stockholm, Trnava) that implemented similar plans earlier. Furthermore, quality support groups are set up throughout Europe, to disseminate knowledge and skills on integrated planning. The implementation cities are trained to support other cities later on, thus getting a SNOWBALL effect of integrated planning.

SNOWBALL aims to:
Provide municipalities with experiences and tools to sustainably (re)create urban areas or arterial and urban through roads.
Implement integrated urban planning methods in 6 cities in 4 different countries.
Disseminate the evaluated project knowledge to other European cities. At least 3 extra per country, being 4x3=12 cities, will be directly involved through four national quality support groups. Over 300 cities will be targeted by the dissemination activities.
Reduce the demand for transport, facilitate a modal shift and significantly reduce energy consumption, concentrations of local pollutants noise and traffic accidents by the use of integrated planning methods.
Add value to previous EC actions: Ecocity, CIVITAS, Cities of Tomorrow.

SNOWBALL elaborates mostly on the work that has been carried out by ECOCITY and CIVITAS. Both used the idea of integrated urban planning, and mainly focused on the development of criteria and concepts, and their demonstration. In addition, SNOWBALL is using actual implementation as promising examples for other cities and setting op structures for further dissemination.

SNOWBALL addresses two major specific barriers, (i) the lack of multi-sectoral skills and (ii) institutional barriers.
Professionals tend to be trained in specific sectoral applications (engineering, urban design, transport modelling, etc.), which can lead to sub-optimal planning solutions. Furthermore, skills such as evaluation of methods, consensus building, and communication are rarely trained. These additional, complementary skills can often make the difference in successful implementation of new, sustainable planning and design approaches. Key elements for addressing these obstacles include the application of a “change management” programme, the development of a network for experts to discuss their experiences and the identification of best practices.


STEER projects promote the more sustainable energy use in transport (i.e. increased energy efficiency, new and renewable fuel sources, and the take-up of alternatively propelled vehicles). The specific focus is on alternative vehicle propulsion, policy measures for the more efficient use of energy in transport, and strenghthening the knowledge of local management agencies in the transport field.

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