Country specific contacts
A list of country-specific contacts, including those of the respective Ministries of Transport, Environment and Health, can be accessed from the respective country page (accessed via 'Countries').
Good practice examples and case studies
Case studies of EST good practice can be found on the following websites:
- THE PEP's website contains examples of relevant promising practices.
- CIVITAS, which focuses on cleaner and better transport in cities, has a set of demonstration measures based on CIVITAS projects.
- ELTIS, the urban mobility portal, has a set of relevant case studies.
- The Sustainable Urban Transport Project has a number of relevant case studies from around the world.
- The Covenant of Mayors has a number of case studies relating to reducing carbon dioxide emissions, including some on transport.
- European Mobility Week encourages cities to register actions in the context of sustainable urban mobility, particularly alternatives to car-based travel. It also has 'Best Practice Guides' on its Resources page. The Croatian capital Zagreb won the 2012 European Mobility Week Award, while Ljubljana (Slovenia) won the 2013 award.
- Examples of EST good practice in the rail sector are presented at the UIC's sustainability conferences.
- The section of UITP's website that focuses on Central and Eastern Europe has a number of relevant case studies.
- ICLEI's website has a series of publications highlighting case studies in sustainable transport and other areas.
Since 2010, the European Green Capital Award has been awarded to a city that has been recognised for the approach it takes to the environment, including in transport. The competition was originally open to cities with populations of more than 200,000 people, but since the 2016 competition, it has been open to cities with populations of over 100,000 people. The winners have been:
- 2010: Stockholm, Sweden.
- 2011: Hamburg, Germany.
- 2012: Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain.
- 2013: Nantes, France.
- 2014: Copenhagen, Denmark.
- 2015: Bristol, UK.
- 2016: Ljubljana, Slovenia.
- 2017: Essen, Germany.
Additionally, since 2015 the European Green Leaf has been awarded to cities with populations of between 50,000 and 100,000 for people in recognition of their respective approaches to the environment, including transport. The winners have been:
Recent winners of the Dutch Cyclists' Union's Bicycle City (Fietsstad) awards are:
- 2011: 's-Hertogenbosch.
- 2014: Zwolle.
EST-relevant research and information
The European Commission's latest research programme (generally referred to as 'Horizon 2020') runs between 2014 and 2020. It is still in its early stages, but the results of projects funded by its predecessors, including the 7th Framework Programme for Research, had a number of transport themes, including sustainable urban transport. The Horizon 2020 also replaced the previous Intelligent Energy - Europe (IEE) programme, which focused on energy projects, including transport under its STEER programme. Projects funded by STEER can be found in the IEE's project database.
TRIP contains information on projects supported by funds from the European Commission since 2007. This includes both FP7 and IEE, including the former's sustainable surface transport programme, as well as Horizon 2020 projects.
City networks covering sustainable mobility
The Council of European Municipalities was founded in Geneva in 1951 by a group of European mayors; later, it opened its ranks to the regions and became the Council of European Municipalities and Regions (Conseil des Communes et Régions d'Europe in French). Today, it is the largest organisation of local and regional government in Europe; its members are national associations of towns, municipalities and regions from over 35 countries. Together these associations represent some 100,000 local and regional authorities.
The Covenant of Mayors is a grouping of local and regional authorities that have come together with the aim of meeting and exceeding the EU's target of reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 20% by 2020.
EUROCITIES is the network of major European cities. Founded in 1986, the network brings together the local governments of more than 120 large cities in over 30 European countries. EUROCITIES provides a platform for its member cities to share knowledge and ideas, to exchange experiences, to analyse common problems and develop innovative solutions, through a wide range of Forums, Working Groups, Projects, activities and events. The network is active across a wide range of policy areas including: economic development and cohesion policy, provision of public services, environment, transport and mobility, employment and social affairs, culture, education, information and knowledge society, governance and international cooperation.
EMTA aims to promote good practice in public transport by bringing together the authorities responsible for public transport in the main European cities. Its members include Prague, Warsaw, Budapest and Vienna.
ICLEI is a democratic local government association governed by its members. The ICLEI Council, made up of all members, convenes every three years to discuss and decide upon the Strategic Plan, on which the annual work programmes are based. The Council also elects the Executive Committee comprised of 21 individuals representing all regions of the world. In Europe, ICLEI counts more than 180 local authorities and municipal associations as its members. ICLEI runs EcoMobility a global campaign on sustainable urban transport called EcoMobility.
Each CIFAL Associated Centre (CIFAL stands for Centre International de Formation des Autorités Locales) is a hub for capacity building and knowledge sharing between local authorities, national governments, international organizations, the private sector and civil society. The main objective of the training activities conducted in the CIFAL centres is to achieve sustainable urbanisation in the context of increasing responsibilities of local authorities. One of the priorities is to encourage South-South, East/East cooperation between local authorities in order to improve access to basic services. An agreement with UN-HABITAT, on behalf of UN Agencies, and with the new World Organisation of Local Governments, on behalf of all associations of local authorities, recognises the CIFAL network as the world training arm targeting and working with local authorities. There is one centre in the CEI-region, in Plock in Poland.
Polis is a network of European cities and regions working together to deploy innovative technologies and policies for a more sustainable mobility. It has around 60 members, based mainly in Western Europe, although it has members in Hungary and the Czech Republic.
Sustainable Mobility, general
Do the Right Mix / European Mobility Week
The European Commission's 'Do the Right Mix' and annual European Mobility Week promote sustainable transport, including non-motorised options in urban areas. The two initiatives have recently merged. 'Do the Right Mix' will continue to be a year-round initiative, with the European Mobility Week being its annual centrepiece. The European Mobility Week is coordinated by Eurocities, ICLEI and the REC.
Greenways are routes for non-motorised modes in both urban and rural areas, often in green corridors. This website of the greenways in Central and Eastern Europe is maintained by the Polish Environmental Partnership Foundation.
COMPARTIR - TO SHARE is a new free resource that specialises in sharing car journeys. It's a powerful search engine that includes over 850,000 locations on over 70 countries on all 5 continents. It's a really easy process to get in touch with people who are planning to make journeys that match yours. This application enables you to make contacts for one-off journeys (holidays, business trips, attending conferences, etc.) as well as regular journeys or commuting (going to work or the university campus or any particular place in any town or city, for example).
The EMBARQ network aims to catalyse and help to implement sustainable transport solutions in cities. It is a website of the World Resources Institute and focuses on countries outside of Europe.
EPOMM is an international partnership aiming to: (i) promote and further develop Mobility Management in Europe; and (ii) fine tune the implementation between the Member States of the EU and other countries in Europe. The website contains general information on mobility management and case studies.
The EGWA (AEVV in French) focuses on the development of greenways in Europe by:
* Contributing towards the preservation of infrastructures such as disused railway corridors, tow paths and historic routes (Roman roads, pilgrim's path, drove ways,...) in the public domain to develop, along them, non-motorised itineraries.
The ITDP was founded in 1985 by US sustainable transportation advocates who wanted to counteract the export of automobile-dependent transportation and urban development to developing and transition countries. Today, ITDP is an established non-profit organization with programs in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe. The European Section of the ITDP - Europe is a non-profit policy research and advocacy organization based in Berlin, Germany promoting sustainable transportation and land use policies worldwide, with a particular focus on developing and transition countries in Central & Eastern Europe.
Worldcarfree.net is a Clearing House of information from around the world on how to revitalise our towns and cities and create a sustainable future. In addition to serving the carfree movement, Worldcarfree.net offers resources for architects, planners, teachers/professors, students, decision-makers and engaged citizens.
Allianz pro Schiene
Allianz pro Schiene is the motive force in policy and society for the increase of the rail traffic share of the overall traffic amount. Their incentives are:
The Community of European Railway and Infrastructure Companies (CER) brings together 53 railway undertakings and infrastructure companies from the European Union, the accession countries (Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania) as well as from the Western Balkan countries.
ERRAC was set up in 2001 with the goal of creating a single European body to help revitalise the European rail sector and make it more competitive, by fostering increased innovation and guiding research efforts at European level. In 2002, ERRAC unveiled its Strategic Rail Research Agenda (SRRA) to the railway community. This European rail initiative paves the way for new innovative forms of collaboration, and has been one of the pioneers for the “technology platforms”, which may lead to major joint technology initiatives during the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme (2007-2013).
EURNEX - the European Rail Research Network of Excellence - was created in January 2004 and aims to integrate a fragmented research landscape, promote the railways contribution to sustainable development and improve the competitiveness and economic stability of the European rail sector. EURNEX members include 63 universities and research centres from 18 EU Member States and Russia, as well as key railway associations, such as UIC, UITP, and UNIFE.
The European Railway Agency in Valenciennes/Lille, France, has the mission of reinforcing safety and interoperability of railways throughout Europe, and thus adding a strong new momentum towards the shared vision of a truly integrated, competitive European railway area. As part of its common transport policy, the Community has adopted legislation to pave the way for gradual establishment of an integrated European railway area, both legally and technically. This involves the development and implementation of Technical Specifications for Interoperability and a common approach to questions concerning railway safety. The Agency's main task is to manage the preparation of these measures.
OSJD's committee is based in Warsaw, Poland and serves an area including Eastern Europe, Russian Federation and Central Asia, Vietnam and China.
South-East Europe Railways Group (SERG) is an organization for collaboration of the railway companies of Albania, Bulgaria, FYR of Macedonia, Greece, Romania, Turkey, Serbia and Montenegro and Republic of Serbska. Those countries cover territory of 1.417.400 sq.km. (6% of the total area of Europe), inhabited by more then 126 million people (15.5% of the total population of Europe). The overall railway network in the region amounts to 32,332 km (8.86% out of the total European network). 6 out of the 10 Pan-European transport corridors pass through SERG area.
UIC main tasks involve: promoting technical cooperation between its members to improve operating conditions and the quality of services offered to customers, whilst respecting their commercial and managerial autonomy, and not interfering in matters of competition; maintaining and developing the overall coherence of the railway system, notably at pan-European level, and achieving interoperability which is one of the keys for bolstering the rail transport competitiveness. UIC has a number of projects and programmes.
UITP is the worldwide network of public transport professionals. UITP represents over 2700 urban, local, regional and national mobility actors from more than 80 countries on all continents. UITP unites the entire supply chain of public transport players, such as: operating companies; local, regional and national authorities; the service and supply industry; research institutes, academics and consultants.
UNIFE directly represents nearly 60 leading European companies responsible for the design, manufacture, maintenance and refurbishment of guided land transport systems, subsystems and related equipments. UNIFE, based in Brussels, has 16 National Organisations as associated members representing another 900 railway supply companies. The European rail supply industry generates around 60 Billion Euros in revenue per year and employs 130 000 people. UNIFE members manufacture 70% of the world-wide production of rail equipment
UrbanRail.Net is a gateway to any information related to metros, subways, or similar urban rail transit systems. The site gives a general overview of each city's metro system and links to other relevant sites.
Cycling and walking
A general informationb website on cycling safety and includes lessons on 'how to not get hit by cars'.
BYPAD is a tool that helps local authorities assess with the assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of the cycling policy. It was developed by an international consortium of experts between 1999 and 2001 as part of an EU project. BYPAD is based on European best practice, which means that measures recommended in BYPAD have been successfully implemented in European cities. More than 65 cities in 15 countries have already been convinced of the advantages of BYPAD and have started improving the quality of their cycling policy with simple, fast-working and above all cost-efficient measures. Everyone in the city benefits from BYPAD through increased mobility and improved quality of life.
ECF is pledged to ensure that bicycle use achieves its fullest potential so as to bring about sustainable mobility and public well-being. EuroVelo, the European cycle route network, is an ECF project to develop 12 long-distance cycle routes crossing the whole continent of Europe. The total length of these routes is over 60,000 km, of which more than 20,000 km is in place. EuroVelo aims to promote a shift to the bicycle from the private car.
FEPA represents national pedestrian associations from 12 European countries. It represents pedestrians interests at the European level with the aim of ensuring that their needs are taken account of in the course of policy development.
A non-governmental, nonprofit, advocacy organization, promoting sustainable transport and international understanding. Major areas of activity are non-motorized urban planning, economic development, bike safety education, responsible travel and bicycle tourism, and cross-cultural, educational programmes.
Walking to school promotes health, physical activity, concern for the environment and safe and walkable communities. This year, join schools around the world as they celebrate walking during the month of October. Communities are encouraged to pick a day, a week, once a week or the entire month to celebrate. Actively promoting Walk to School for a month could also transition smoothly into the launch of a year-round program.
Clean fuels and vehicles
Clean Vehicle Portal
The Clean Vehicle Portal is supported by the European Commission as part of its ts Intelligent Energy Programme. The Portal is a new web-based database that aims to improve the demand for clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles and encourage manufacturers to invest in development of vehicles with low energy consumption, CO2 emissions and pollutant emissions. Its database allows users to search for and compare vehicles that fit with procurement requirements.
EV Radar is an online source of information on the latest research and development and demonstration projects relating to electric vehicles. It is hosted by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre's Institute for Energy and Transport.
Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI)
The GFEI is supported by the UN's Global Environment aims to contibute to the achievement of significant improvements in the fuel economy of the global car fleet. It does this by promoting debate and discussion around the issue of fuel economy, as well as raising awareness, presenting evidence and offering support to enable countries to adopt effective fuel economy standards and policies that work in their circumstances.
HyWeb - Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Information System
HyWeb is an online source of information and news about developments in using hydrogen and fuel cells in transport.
Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV) - UNEP
The PCFV is a programme of UNEP's Nairobi based Urban Environment Unit. It aims to assist developing countries to reduce vehicular air pollution through the promotion of clean fuels and vehicles. The partnership operates towards the implementation of two identified priority areas: the elimination of lead in gasoline and the phase down of sulphur in diesel and gasoline fuels, and the adoption of cleaner vehicle technologies.
NGOs working on sustainable mobility/environment
Birdlife Europe is part of a global network of like-minded organisations. It is based in Brussels and operates as a partnership of national conservation organisations. While its focus is on the conservation of birds and their habitats, it is concerned with other sectoral areas that have impacts on biodiversity and eco-systems, including transport.
The CEE Bankwatch Network's mission is to prevent environmentally and socially harmful impacts of international development finance and to promote alternative solutions and public participation. Recent campaigns in the field of Environment & Transport include: D8 Highway, Czech Republic; E79 Motorway & Kresna Gorge, Bulgaria; Via Baltica Expressway, Poland; Skopje Bypass, Macedonia.
CAN International is a voluntary, independent and not-for-profit association of non-profit and non-governmental civic organisations. It is a global network of more than 700 NGOs in 90 countries working to promote government and individual action to limit human-induced climate change to ecologically sustainable levels. It has a number of regional networks, two of which - CAN-Europe and CAN-Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia - cover the CEI region.
The EEB is a federation of more than 140 environmental citizens' organisations based in all EU Member States and most Accession Countries, as well as in a few neighbouring countries. These organisations range from local and national, to European and international. The aim of the EEB is to protect and improve the environment of Europe and to enable the citizens of Europe to play their part in achieving that goal. ANPED (an alliance of NGOs working together for sustainable development in the northern hemisphere) merged with EEB in 2014.
Falkor is an international network of youth protecting the environment, supporting and developing independent media and active in human rights, anti-racism, pro-tolerance issues and development of civil society in general. It brings individuals and organizations into contact with each other through exchange projects and information services, with the aim to start and keep up cooperation in projects improving the environmental/ social situation both nation-wide in different countries and region-wide throughout entire Europe including Caucasus.
FoE Europe seeks to influence European and EU policy and raise public awareness on environmental issues by providing institutions, media and the public with regular information via a wide range of campaigns, publications and events. Transport related activities include monitoring EU funds for new member states, climate change and nature protection (forests, protected areas). FoEE has national groups in 10 of the 17 CEI Countries. National group activities include campaigning for cycle lanes, car free recreational zones, car free days and general improvement of public transport systems.
Greenpeace is an international NGO that works on a range of international environmental issues. It has national organisations in many European countries. Its European Unit is based on Brussels and focuses on monitoring and analysing the work of EU decision-makers.
HEAL is a Brussels-based organisation that works on how the environment affects health in the EU, including how changes in policy can protect health. Its members include national health and environment organisations, as well as some research organisations. From the perspective of sustainable transport, relevant policy areas on which HEAL works are climate change and air quality.
GREENWAY, since its establishment in 1985, has played an important role in the communication between environmental organizations in CEE region. It also had the great input in internationalising the environmental work in this region. Recently GREENWAY consists of 31 member organizations and is one of a few purely Central and Eastern European networks of environmental NGOs.
IUCN's mission in Europe is to contribute to a sustainable Europe by influencing policy development and implementation for biodiversity and landscape conservation, restoration and sustainable use inside and outside Europe. To achieve this mission, IUCN Members have identified the integration of biodiversity into key economic sectors as a main focus, along with efforts to conserve Europe's biodiversity in more traditional ways.
Nature Friends focuses on environmental protection and social justice and has member organisations in many European countries.
T&E is Europe's principal environmental organisation campaigning specifically on transport. Members are drawn from NGOs in nearly every European country, all of whom promote a more environmentally sound approach to transport. The federation was created in 1990 with the realisation that many political decisions that influence the environmental damage caused by transport - both positively and negatively - are taken at a European level. The T&E team currently work on campaigns including low carbon cars, cleaner shipping, aviation, health and quality of life, transport and climate change, european investment in transport infrastructure and transport pricing.
WWFs main areas of work are climate change, forests, freshwater, marine, sustainability, species and toxics. WWF International is based in Gland, Switzerland.
Environment and health, general
The Convention on the protection and sustainable development of the Carpathians. The Carpathians are shared by seven Central and Eastern European Countries, four of which have already joined the European Union. This increases the possibilities of sustainable development based on the rich natural, environmental, cultural and human resources of the region, and for preserving its natural and cultural heritage for future generations. The Carpathian Convention provides the framework for cooperation and multi-sectoral policy coordination, a platform for joint strategies for sustainable development, and a forum for dialogue between all stakeholders involved.
CEEWEB is an international network of non-governmental organizations in the Central and Eastern European (CEE) region. The mission of the network is the conservation of the biodiversity through the promotion of sustainable development.
ECEAT is the leading European organisation in the field of small-scale sustainable tourism with a special attention to rural areas and organic farming. It is a network of over 1300 small-scale accommodations and tourist services all over Europe, offering sustainable QUALITY of tourist services and approves their contribution to local communities and protection of the environment. ECEAT promotes responsible TRAVEL which brings every year almost 500.000 overnights in rural areas for benefit of local economies in 20 European countries and satisfies responsible travellers.
A network of more than 200 Environmental Citizen's Organisations (ECO's) throughout Europe, sharing a common aim in the Pan-European co-operation for a better environment.
The Environmental Partnership is a consortium of six foundations in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia that are focused on mobilizing and empowering the people of the region to improve their environment, their local communities and societies. Since their establishment in 1991, the Environmental Partnership foundations have invested over USD 16 million in support of more than 5,000 individual projects and are currently the most significant private source of funding for community-based environmental initiatives in the region.
'green.tv' is a broadband Environmental tv service, featuring short films focusing on themes such as climate change, sustainable and non-sustainable transport, air pollution and technologies. With over 200 films available, this is a comprehensive and entertaining resource. The not-for-profit initiative is in partnership with UNEP and Greenpeace.
The European network for the promotion of health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA Europe) is a collaborative project which works for better health through physical activity among all people in the WHO European Region, by strengthening and supporting efforts to increase participation and improve the conditions for healthy lifestyles.
Milieukontakt Oost-Europa cooperates with non-governmental organisations (NGOs) active on environmental topics in Europe and Asia. We advise, train, connect and give support. Currently Milieukontakt Oost-Europa is active in 22 countries and maintains a network of over a thousand NGOs in east and west that operate on a local, national and international level. In 1988 Milieukontakt was founded by, amongst others, Friends of the Earth International (FoEI), Milieudefensie (Friends of the Earth Netherlands) and Stichting Natuur en Milieu (Dutch Foundation for Nature and Environment). We started our activities in Poland. Soon after, countries like Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Russia followed. Now we are active in all the countries mentioned on top of this page.
Capacity building in Environmental Information Management in Central and Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.