|GP: CIVITAS CARAVEL project to more sustainable transport system-Poland|
In Krakow, through the CIVITAS CARAVEL project, they implemented a range of measure that were designed to complement each other to promote a more sustainable transport system.
Experience shows that isolated measures can only have a limited impact, while packages of measures can make use of synergies and reinforce each other. Therefore it is crucial to draw conclusions from the analysis of options in the form of meaningful combined packages of measures. Furthermore, the packages which are finally selected should also strive for the integration of all transport modes (intermodality) as well as land-use planning and other sectorial planning activities (e.g. environmental, health or economic measures).
Krakow is one of Poland’s biggest cities, one that has a unique historic character which attracts many tourists every year as a centre of Polish culture, and a dynamic university city with about 140,000 students. Since the 1990s, Krakow's economic and industrial landscape has been radically changing, which has led to an increase in road congestion as people , understandably , strived for a private car.
The city of Krakow implemented a series of hard measurements to help promote a more sustainable transport system. These measures would not have been successful if it was not for the accompanying soft measures that promoted these hard measures.