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GP: The city of Parma integrated an Urban Transport Plan with a Land-use plan -Italy PDF Print E-mail

The city of Parma integrated an Urban Transport Plan with a Land-use plan. The process made use of scenario building to help with establishing the effects that the measures would have and assessing the consequences of current trends, measures already programmed, and new policy choices.




Parma is a medium-sized city (about 200,000 inhabitants) located in northern Italy. In 2005, the Municipality of Parma started an integrated urban transport and land-use planning process, made up of an Urban Mobility Plan (PUM) (similar to a SUMP), an Urban Traffic Plan (PGTU) and a land-use plan (PSC).


Through the drafting of the two transport plans (the PUM and the PGTU) together there was an encouragement of connections between the short term actions promoted by the PGTU and the demand management policies and the infrastructural projects that are part of the strategic scenario outlined by the PUM. Moreover the drafting of the two plans in context allows for a consistent and articulate strategy of mobility management that is able to coordinate the demand on different transport modes and the different services provided both to private and public mobility (with particular attention to walking, cycling and disabled people).

The drafting of the PUM was addressed in three phases.

Phase 1 aimed at understanding the urban area and its transport system and was carried out in consultation with those on the wide data base provided by the municipality. The outcomes of phase 1 were:

• highlighting the most important critical points of the transport system (congestion, environmental impacts and road casualties);
• defining a transport and land use reference scenario (consisting of the interventions which come at a late stage in the decision-making process).

Phase 2 focused on setting up and calibrating a transport model (MEPLAN) and on the definition of plan scenarios. Two alternative plan scenarios were defined: the land-use scenario included the interventions promoted by the current land-use plan along with the interventions of the reference scenario. The sustainability scenario promoted policies and measures aimed at reducing the negative environmental and social impacts of the transport sector, again combined with the interventions of the reference scenario.

Phase 3 aimed at achieving the municipality’s selection of the plan scenario. The MEPLAN model was used for simulating the transport, environmental, and economic impacts of the selected scenario.

The plans are based on the measures of car use regulation in the city centre, extension of control and safety actions in the sensitive areas of the city, traffic calming, promotion of cycling and pedestrian modes, integration of public transport modes, and bus priority.



Scenarios help stakeholders to better understand the likely combined effects that the measures discussed in an SUMP will have. By illustrating different future situations, it allows them to assess independently the consequences of current trends, measures already programmed, and new policy choices.


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