|GP: The city of Parma integrated an Urban Transport Plan with a Land-use plan -Italy|
The city of Parma integrated an Urban Transport Plan with a Land-use plan. The process made use of scenario building to help with establishing the effects that the measures would have and assessing the consequences of current trends, measures already programmed, and new policy choices.
Parma is a medium-sized city (about 200,000 inhabitants) located in northern Italy. In 2005, the Municipality of Parma started an integrated urban transport and land-use planning process, made up of an Urban Mobility Plan (PUM) (similar to a SUMP), an Urban Traffic Plan (PGTU) and a land-use plan (PSC).
Through the drafting of the two transport plans (the PUM and the PGTU) together there was an encouragement of connections between the short term actions promoted by the PGTU and the demand management policies and the infrastructural projects that are part of the strategic scenario outlined by the PUM. Moreover the drafting of the two plans in context allows for a consistent and articulate strategy of mobility management that is able to coordinate the demand on different transport modes and the different services provided both to private and public mobility (with particular attention to walking, cycling and disabled people).
Scenarios help stakeholders to better understand the likely combined effects that the measures discussed in an SUMP will have. By illustrating different future situations, it allows them to assess independently the consequences of current trends, measures already programmed, and new policy choices.