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GP: Budapest public transport modernisation (Hungary) PDF Print E-mail

Timescales: 2014 – 2015

Since its formation in 2010, developing sustainable transport services in Budapest has been a priority for the Budapesti Közlekedési Központ (BKK; Centre for Budapest Transport). This has included the MOL BUBI public bicycle-sharing scheme, as well as actions to introduce cleaner vehicles into the city’s public transport fleet.

Significant improvements have been made to the city’s bus fleet in order to improve its environmental performance. The number of Euro 6 and EEV buses increased from nothing at the end of 2012 to over 20% of the fleet by the end of 2014. This included 48 CNG buses, which delivered significant reductions in emissions of particulates, carbon monoxide and of the oxides of nitrogen compared to the older diesel buses that they replaced. By early 2015, there were 28 hybrid buses in operation in Budapest, all of which met the Euro 6 emission standards and so had better fuel consumption and lower emissions that their pure diesel counterparts. The buses were the result of a collaboration between Hungarian company Raba and Swedish manufacturer Volvo. These buses are powered by electric motors at speeds below 15 to 20 km/h, which means that buses waiting at and leaving bus stops emit no pollution and are also much quieter than diesel buses.

The city’s tram network is also being modernised. Tram lines 1 and 3 have been reconstructed in an effort to make tram use an attractive alternative to the car. This has included noise barriers along sections of the line, as well as the planting of shrubs and grass to improve the environment around the lines. Nearly 50 new, energy-efficient trams were introduced in 2015 to reduce the energy used by the system. Metro line M2 has also been modernised, with new trains that reduce energy consumption by more than 25%. Additionally, 1,500 new park and ride places have been introduced to encourage citizens to use public transport in the centre of the city.

Source: Budapesti Közlekedési Központ (

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