|GP/SP: Developing a SUMP for Maribor (Slovenia)|
Timescales: 2012 to 2013
A sustainable urban mobility plan (SUMP) was developed for the Slovenian city of Maribor in the course of the ATTAC project. ATTAC – standing for ‘ATtractive urban Transport, Accessible Cities’ – was supported by the EU’s Intereg programme for South East Europe. The project, which ran from 2011 to 2014, also involved the cities of Košice in Slovakia, Miskolc (Hungary) and the Bulgarian city of Burgas.
Maribor is the second largest city in Slovenia, and prior to Slovenia’s independence was one of the main industrial centres in Yugoslavia. Since Slovenia’s accession to the EU, environmental protection has gained increasing prominence. At the same time, Maribor was increasingly facing similar transport problems as other European cities, including congestion, road safety challenges, urban sprawl and an increasing demand for mobility, along with the associated environmental problems.
The aim of the SUMP – which is referred to as a Celostna prometna strategija in Slovenian – was to ensure that the city’s approach to transport delivered a better balance between social equality, environmental quality and economic development. The preparation of the SUMP was not an end in itself, but the start of a process of the integrated and sustainable management and planning of urban mobility in the city.
There are four stages and 11 steps to the preparation and implementation of a SUMP. The first three stages and first eight steps were undertaken in the course of the project, i.e. right up to the adoption of the plan, which needed to be undertaken by the city council before its implementation in the final stage of the process.
The plan focuses on giving priority to pedestrians, cyclists and public transport users, with special attention given to vulnerable groups. It is based on five pillars, one each of which focuses on promoting and enabling walking, cycling and public transport use, while the others were on integrated mobility planning and the rational use of cars. Stakeholders were involved in the development of the plan in a series of Mobility Forums, which took place at various stages in the course of the development of the plan.
The plan also includes a series of targets for each pillar against which its implementation will be monitored. These include increasing the modal share of walking, cycling and public transport use to 15%, 10% and 20%, respectively (from 11%, 5% and 12% in 2002) by 2020. The SUMP was unanimously adopted by the city of Maribor in 2015.