|GP: A public bike sharing scheme for a coastal resort (Montenegro)|
In order to contribute to the sustainable development of the local area, the town of Tivat in Montenegro implemented a bicycle sharing scheme as part of a redevelopment of its waterfront, which was aimed at enhancing the local environment. Tivat is located on Kotor Bay, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site on Montenegro’s Adriatic Coast. The area has a natural beauty, as well as many historical monuments, so attracts many tourists. While positive for the local economy, such popularity puts a strain on the local infrastructure.
The introduction of the bicycle sharing scheme was led by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Montenegro, with the support of the Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea and of Italian technical experts. It involved redesigning Tivat’s waterfront to improve its attractiveness and expand its green areas, while also improving conditions for cyclists and pedestrians. The implementation of the bicycle sharing scheme was an integral part of this redesign.
Bike sharing schemes have become increasingly common in Europe, so the Tivat scheme drew on the experience of Italian experts. Evidence has shown that public bike sharing schemes can help to initiate an increase in cycling more generally, as well as facilitating cycling by tourists and other visitors to the town.
Prior to the implementation of the scheme, work was undertaken to inform its design. An assessment of the potential distribution of public bicycle routes and stations was undertaken in order to ensure that the proposed system was able to meet potential demand. Stations were sited in accessible and visible locations along the promenade. The system, including the design of the stations and the bikes, as well as the appropriate number of bicycles, all took account of good practice from elsewhere, but also of local considerations. The capital investment for the project amounted to €115,000, while operational and maintenance costs were expected to be between €30,000 and €60,000 a year.
Initially, the system had 36 bicycles distributed across six stations in the city centre and on the promenade; this number has since increased to 70 bicycles. To date, the bicycles have been used to cover 21,500 kilometres, which has saved around 3,217 kg of CO2 emissions.
Low Carbon South East Europe project, supported by the EU’s South East Europe Cooperation Programme; http://www.locsee.eu/best_practice.php?id=142