|GP/SP: Delivering sustainable transport in Belgrade (Serbia)|
Timescales: 2010 to 2014
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) supported a project in the Serbian capital Belgrade aimed at improving the sustainability of the city’s transport system and reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. GEF support enabled the project to mainstream environmental issues into the city’s transport system and to help Serbia meet its international climate change commitments, as the focus was on public transport, cycling and walking. The project was co-funded by the City of Belgrade and the Belgrade Land Development Agency.
The project had four main elements, the first of which was to begin the development of a Sustainable Urban Transport Plan (SUTP) for Belgrade. The development of the plan was based on an analysis of the existing legal framework and transport policies of the city, which was followed by the development of a vision for the city and the identification of scenarios with different interventions to deliver this vision. The SUTP was due to be finished in 2016, and will be implemented over the following decade.
The project’s second element was the promotion of cycling in the city, which had not been adequately taken account of in the development of the city. This included the construction of two new cycling routes to recreational areas outside of the city, the construction of parking infrastructure for bicycles and a clear marking of cycling routes in the city. A study on improving the safety of cyclists was also undertaken, along with a number of promotional and awareness raising activities. The latter included a cycling awareness campaign and participation in European Mobility Week.
The third component of the project included a set of activities to provide safe routes for children to walk and cycle to school. The aim was to reduce the traffic intensity near schools, by encouraging children to walk or cycle to school. The activities included a public information campaign and other awareness raising activities as well as the marking of safe routes to school in one pilot area of the city. The concept of the ‘Pedibus’ was also promoted, where school children join a guided walk from their homes to school.
The final element of the project was the promotion of eco-driving in public transport companies. As part of the project professional drivers were trained in eco-driving techniques, while instructors were also trained so that they are able to train more drivers of the companies concerned. In recent years, Belgrade has seen a number of other relevant actions, including traffic calming, the introduction of an electric bike rental scheme and a renewal of the city’s public transport fleet.
Low Carbon South East Europe project, supported by the EU’s South East Europe Cooperation Programme; http://www.locsee.eu/best_practice.php?id=202
UNDP (2014) “Sustainable Transport and GHG emissions in Belgrade” http://www.klimatskepromene.rs/uploads/useruploads/Documents/Sustainable-Transport-and-GHG-emissions-in-Belgrade.pdf
Cycling awareness campaign: http://www.biciklirajbeogradom.com/eng/