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GP: Strategy for transport in Banja Luka - Bosnia & Herzegovina Print E-mail
Banja Luka is second largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with around 250.000 residents[1] and 75.878 cars.[2]

City of Banja Luka, is at the stage of continuous expansion of the city's transport network on the basis of regional transport strategy, called “development of corridors”. This strategy is oriented towards the north-south corridor, and around 60% is already built.[3]

10 years ago, transport network in Banja Luka was in very poor condition. In year 2000 it had only 75 kilometers of asphalt roads. In that situation it was very hard to invest money into modern sustainable transport solutions, while citizens were demanding construction of basic road network. Because of that, focus was construction of new roads, so in 2008 Banja Luka had almost 600 kilometers of asphalt road.

Last couple of years, with increasing demands of local environmental NGOs, City of Banaj Luka was facing with a new challenge – improving of public transport and bicycle infrastructure of the city. They have adopted basic criteria for planning the construction of city roads[4] that are, among the other, focused on improving of public transport, traffic calming, and citizen participation in establishing urban transport system. Those basic criteria are:

1. Construction of the primary road network, taking “Development of corridors” as a spatial-traffic strategy;
2. Connect major urban corridors with cross-connections, to increase their capacity and level of service;
3. Construction of the secondary transport network, which connects the peripheral parts of the city with major urban corridors;
4. Improving public transport in order to achieve a circular flow of the city bus line;
5. Traffic calming, which means increasing the security of traffic, providing parking zones and reduction of "conflicts" pedestrian-vehicle;
6. Collection of data from the local community council, based on the request of citizens

In the middle of 2008, Municipality has started the measuring of the level of noise, and on 2009 have adopted a plan for mapping the locations with the critical level of noise. Also, in the process of producing is Local Environmental Action Plan (LEAP) that will be comprehensive and will deal with a fundamental examination of water, air, noise, land, municipal waste and many other segments of the environment in the city, on which most of them are fully or partially related with transport. Except that detailed laboratory analysis and testing will be made, together with comprehensive survey for citizens to detect public opinion on this issues.[5]

So it is clear that Banja Luka’s transport policy is moving towards more sustainable solutions, that will result with improvement of public transport and cycling infrastructure, together with increase of air-quality and noise reduction.






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