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GP: Restoring Mostar City transportation by procuring new buses - Bosnia & Herzegovina PDF Print E-mail

Also contributing to inter-ethnic collaboration

Project summary


The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was born in 1995 after a civil war in the now-defunct Yugoslavia. Mostar, the target city of this project, is located 140 km south of the metropolis, Sarajevo. As the central city in the Herzegovina region, Mostar had many business companies, educational institutions, and cultural facilities from before the war. Although the city suffered serious damage in the civil war, it has, since 1994, been working on the restoration of its social infrastructure with assistance from international institutions and the EU.

The city's public transportation is operated by the Mostar City Bus Corporation, a public corporation founded in 2000. Although the corporation meets citizens' traffic needs on 19 intra-city routes and 26 suburban routes, the 31 buses it now has are very old, seven of them about to be scrapped. There could be some trouble in transportation due to the lack of the number of proper buses in the city near future. Therefore, in order to restore public transportation, the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina asked Japan to provide grant aid. JICA was entrusted with the work by the Japanese Government and conducted the necessary studies and procured new buses for the restoration of bus
transportation in Mostar.

Based on the results of the studies, it was discussed how to secure enough buses to support intra-city transportation and how to improve the corporation's ability to maintain and manage buses. The idea of increasing the number of routes was also considered from the viewpoint of ensuring sound management, and Japan decided to provide 40 new buses for this purpose. In the procuring process, Japan carefully selected bus specifications: specifications conforming to the European emission limits, midi-buses to operate on narrow roads in peripheral mountainous areas, low-floor buses for easy use by the elderly and the physically handicapped, and so forth. Japan procured maintenance tools and spare parts as well. The replenishment of new buses will help ensure smooth city traffic, vitalize industry, and improve social services for the elderly and the physically handicapped. It is also expected that the circulatory operation of buses in the city will lead to interethnic collaborations between the Bosnians and the Croatians, who divide the city into two.

May 15 2001, E/N amount: 769 million yen
Source: JICA


Buses running in the city can be used equally by the two ethnic groups.

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